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Small Island Developing States1 (SIDS) are a heterogeneous group of islands that share some common features that make them economically, socially and environmentally vulnerable. Spread over four regions, namely the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean, West Africa and the Pacific, SIDS are particularly small, remote, insular and highly exposed to natural disasters and climate change risks. “Smallness” in terms of area, population and economies constitutes a key driver of vulnerability as it also implies small domestic markets with limited scope for exploitation of economies of scale; a narrow resource base leading to limited export opportunities; and the production of a narrow range of crops, minerals and manufactures which in turn leads to high dependence on imports (including food, fuel and manufactures). A high level of specialization in exports and dependence on imports increases exposure to global economic and financial shocks, including price volatility. Small economies and populations limit employment opportunities and can lead to high migration rates especially of skilled human resources and to a narrowing of the skill base. High migration rates can also generate a positive feedback through the remittances sent back by migrants. Meanwhile, insularity and remoteness are inherent to SIDS and contribute to heightening their vulnerability as remoteness, distance and isolation drive transport costs (UNCTAD, 2014, p.13).

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Squeezed in a subway in Tokyo one morning in 1992, I wondered how many fellow commuters had seen the magnificence of underwater life. The previous day I had my first diving experience.

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Papua New Guinea

Tulele Peisa's objective is to coordinate and manage relocation of the Carterets people to mainland Bougainville due to the impacts of climate change and rising sea levels, which are making the isl

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This insightful and practical report, compiled in consultation with over 70 SIDS experts and scie

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This report aims to improve the understanding of the key issues at the interface between maritime

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This study seeks to contribute to a better understanding of the nascent and developing concept of

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The Dominican Republic is succeeding in eradicating lionfish from its waters by eating them...before they devour local species.

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Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are some of the countries on the frontline in the global fight against human-induced climate change.

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Marshall Islands

The Marshall Islands is one of the most vulnerable nations in the world to the impacts of climate change and has economies that are dependent on declining fisheries.

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