Strategies and Approaches for Accelerating and Scaling up SDG14 Implementation
Side Event, UN Secretariat, Conf. Rm 11, 6:15 - 7:30 PM
Hosted by UNDP, in collaboration with the Governments of Sweden and Tonga, Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA), Partnerships for Environmental Management in the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA), International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR), Marine Research Institute of Colombia (INVEMAR) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
SDG14 is one of the most ambitious of the 17 SDGs particularly in terms of the accelerated time frames for achieving several of the targets. Successful implementation of SDG14 requires replication and rapid scaling up of proven strategic approaches that can deliver on one or more SDG14 targets. Drawing from the UNDP/GEF International Waters and Biodiversity portfolios, this side event will present a series of short ‘case studies’ highlighting such proven approaches that have succeeded in reversing large scale dead zones, moved global tuna stocks towards sustainability, reduced the impacts of shipping on the marine environment, and introduced integrated, ecosystem-based approaches to sustainable ocean and coastal management at both local and multi-country scales. Speakers will highlight the strategic planning and other ocean policy and management tools and methodologies used, lessons learned and opportunities for replication and upscaling.
High Level Panel:
Peter Thomson, President, United Nations General Assembly
Isabella Lovin, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for International Development Cooperation and Climate, Sweden
Helen Clark, Administrator, United Nations Development Programme
Hon. Siaosi 'Ofakivahafolau Sovaleni, Deputy Prime Minister, Tonga, “Tonga’s experience in applying Ridge to Reef approaches that Integrate Water, Land, Forest and Coastal Management to Preserve Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Improve Climate Resilience, and Sustain Livelihoods”
The event will be moderated by Haoliang Xu, Assistant Secretary-General and Director, Regional Bureau for Asia and the Pacific, United Nations Development Programme.
“Reversing large scale hypoxic areas caused by basin-wide nutrient pollution: The Danube/Black Sea story” by Ivan Zavadsky, Executive Secretary, International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River
“Integrated Coastal Management as a Tool to Accelerate SDG14 Implementation: PEMSEA experience in East Asia” by Adrian Ross, Executive Director, PEMSEA
“Sustaining the World’s Tuna Stocks: The Pacific Islands Experience” by Tim Adams, Director of Fisheries Management, Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency
“Reducing Ocean Acidification and Marine Invasive Species Risk from the Shipping Sector: The Glo-X Approach” by Fredrik Haag, Technical Officer, Marine Environment Division, International Maritime Organization
“Colombia’s experience in establishing and sustaining ecologically representative Marine Protected Areas” by Captain Francisco Arias, Marine Research Institute of Colombia
“Large Marine Ecosystems as Management and Governance Frameworks for Transboundary Cooperation on SDG14: Experience of the GEF and UNDP” by Andrew Hudson, Head, Water & Ocean Governance Programme, UNDP, and Laverne Walker, Senior Project Officer, UNDP/GEF Caribbean LME+ Project.
Marine Biodiversity Conservation in the Tun Mustapha Park, Sabah
In March 2003, the Government of Sabah announced its approval of the proposed Tun Mustapha Park (TMP), a marine area covering 1.02 million hectares in the northern part of Sabah.
The marine protected area (MPA) was previously known as the Kudat-Banggi Priority Conservation Area, and is one of the priority areas identified under the Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Ecoregion (SSME) as being globally significant for its high biodiversity and rich natural resources. Geographically, the area is located within the Coral Triangle and is home to some of the richest marine flora and fauna complexes in the world (WWF-Malaysia, 2011).
This is a strategic project supported by the UNDP implemented GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP). The project is implemented by the World Wildlife Fund for Nature in Malaysia (WWF Malaysia) aiming to scale up interventions for marine biodiversity conservation in Tun Mustapha Park. The project includes the following four components for community based marine biodiversity conservation: 1) building capacity and empowering local communities and stakeholders to conduct patrolling and collaborative enforcement, 2) promoting environmental stewardship, 3) developing conservation enterprises linked to resource management, 4) building capacity for the implementation of an ecosystem approach to fisheries management. (WWF, 2014)
To promote capacity development and community empowerment, a series of community consultations have been undertaken. Community members have also received training in reef assessment and monitoring. To patrol the park, in order to enforce lawful use, the project collaborated with local government enforcement agencies and local communities in establishing regular joint patrolling activities. The project also hosted session to share the experiences and lessons learned by the community groups, and discussed strategies to ensure the sustainable management of the park. To promote environmental stewardship, the project focused on raising awareness among youth groups on the merits of sustainable marine management. In terms conservation enterprises, the communities decided to further develop sustainable sea cucumber production, mangrove conservation for ecotourism, and traditional natural farming as alternative livelihood activities. In fisheries management, the project has focused on capacity development for the implementation of an ecosystem approach to fisheries management. Training materials were developed and training was conducted with participants from the local communities.
Bridging the gap between ocean acidification impacts and economic valuation: Regional impacts of ocean acidification on fisheries and aquaculture
This report includes the findings and recommendations of regional working groups and is the result of an interdisciplinary survey of ocean acidification-sensitive fisheries and aquaculture. A secon
d international workshop on the economics of ocean acidification (2012) explored the level of risk, and the resilience or vulnerability of defined regions of the world ocean in terms of fishery and aquaculture species and economic impacts, and social adaptation.
From Coast to Coast: Celebrating 20 Years of Transboundary Management of Our Shared Oceans
This publication highlights how the GEF has worked with partners to improve ocean governance by working across nations to promote ecosystem-based approaches to fisheries and other marine and coasta
l resources, protect coastal habitats from land based sources of pollution, and catalyze the formation of country driven, country owned and — ultimately — country financed regional institutional frameworks.